Science Fiction author Gareth L Powell presented this marvellous speech three years ago, The Role of Science Fiction in our Understanding of the Future, yet it is just as relevant today.
Powell refutes the role of the science fiction writer as a predictor of the future, rather suggesting that their aim is to dream up plausible futures, to model a vast range of possible outlooks. By assessing the sociological and technological trends, they show us what may happen if man continues on their current path.Good science fiction looks at the world we know and asks, “What happens if?”
- What happens if the ice caps melt and sea levels rise by fifty feet?
- What happens if we discover a way to halt the ageing process and everyone lives for 1000 years?
- What happens if the government puts a CCTV camera on every street corner?
“This is my job as a science fiction writer: to speculate and imagine, and tell stories. The future is truly an undiscovered country. Futurology and philosophy can give us a map of the terrain. But if we want to know what it’s going to feel like to live and work and love there, one of the best tools we have is science fiction.”
He says that futurologists and philosophers can tell us the possible outcomes but that the science fiction writers make the future human by creating characters that must adapt and survive in, generally, these dystopian worlds. The author must take the reader on a journey to really understand what living through such a scenario would be like, to experience such an event, and so the reader asks themselves, “What would I do?”
Gareth Powell’s speech is well worth reading – it puts a clear voice to what science fiction is all about.